Also called Condyloma acuminata, Anal Warts are a type of genital warts which form in or around the anus. Because they are contagious, it is possible that they can spread to other parts of the anus or to the genitals, especially with itching or touching. Younger people older teens and young adults with strong immune systems typically have a good chance of fighting them off faster. What causes anal warts and all genital warts for that matter — of which anal warts are a type are the sexually transmitted infection STI called HPV human papillomavirus.
HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35 are also occasionally found in anogenital warts usually as co-infections with HPV 6 or 11 and can be associated with foci of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions HSIL , particularly in persons who have HIV infection. In addition to anogenital warts, HPV types 6 and 11 have been associated with conjunctival, nasal, oral, and laryngeal warts. Anogenital warts are usually asymptomatic, but depending on the size and anatomic location, they can be painful or pruritic. They are usually flat, papular, or pedunculated growths on the genital mucosa.
Anal cancer is a rare disease, affecting over 1, people a year in the UK. It is more common in women than in men. The anus back passage is the 4cm long end portion of the large bowel, which opens to allow solid waste to exit the body. Abnormal changes of the anus are sometimes harmless in their early stages, but may go on to develop into cancer. Different cancers can develop in different parts of the anus.
Anal warts are lesions caused by the HPV virus. Find out about the symptoms and causes of anal warts. These lesions may appear both in the area around the anus and in the genital area. At first, they look like small brownish spots that can be felt when touched. However, condylomas tend to increase in size progressively and alter until they become growths that appear with stocks, which, if left untreated, tend to increase in number.