(PDF) Alex irvine - john winchester's journal | B - ventemaisonmontpellier.info
Child abuse may include any act or failure to act by a parent or a caregiver that results in actual or potential harm to a child, and can occur in a child's home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. The terms child abuse and child maltreatment are often used interchangeably, although some researchers make a distinction between them, treating child maltreatment as an umbrella term to cover neglect, exploitation, and trafficking. Different jurisdictions have developed their own stance towards mandatory reporting , different definitions of what constitutes child abuse for the purposes of removing children from their families or for prosecuting a criminal charge. Two centuries ago, cruelty to children, perpetrated by employers and teachers, was widespread, and corporal punishment customary in many countries. But, in the first half of the 19th century, pathologists studying filicide the parental killing of children reported cases of death from paternal rage,  recurrent physical maltreatment,  starvation,  and sexual abuse.
Nearly 90 years ago, a psychologist proposed that birth order could have an impact on what kind of person a child becomes. The idea took hold in popular culture. What does it mean to be the last one in the birth order, and what exactly is youngest child syndrome? Here are some of the theories about youngest child syndrome and why being last can put a child ahead in the long run.